Traditional saunas

It is not well known where and when first saunas were made, but in the written sources from Lithuanian history it is already mentioned in the XII century. History of saunas was developing during ages so it would not be fair to distribute according regions’ traditions (in our region “Finish”, “Russian” and “Lithuanian” saunas are most popular). It would be fair to call them as “Traditional”. Temperature in “Traditional” saunas can fluctuate between 40ºC and 130ºC, depending on the comparative air humidity and people inside sauna.

The main interior of such saunas is wood. When Lithuanian wood is used- lime, aspen, alder is the best of leafy trees to be chosen from. Coniferous wood in some cases is much better than leafy wood, but the coniferous wood which has grown in our area is not so good for saunas (discharge lots of gums) as the north ones. So if the coniferous wood should be use, it is better to choose from the spruce which grew up in Karelia region or the specially grown up and worked north pine. If you want to have an exclusive sauna- red cedar from Canada would perfectly suit you. This kind of wood is much better in characteristics than rest types of wood, but the price is not affordable to anyone, who wants just to have a good sauna. Surely, wood is one element from many and if all of them are put in a right way, you will have a useful and pleasure sauna. Layout, construction, ventilation and other factors are also very important if you want to have a good quality sauna.

Solid fuel or electrical fire which is heating stones and sauna’s air is a warmth source in a traditional sauna. In such saunas big variety of fires can be used- starting with very simple to the ones which are very complicated (having a humidifier), with control desks or accumulative ones (thermos construction).